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BOSNIA & HERCEGOVINA


Location - South east Europe; Capital - Sarajevo; Population - 3.9 million; Currency - Convertible Mark MORE BOSNIA

It's a comfortable seven hour bus ride from Split in Croatia to Sarajevo, the appealing capital of Bosnia & Hercegovina. The country is divided in two ways, though it's unlikely you'll realise you've crossed boundaries:

• Firstly, Bosnia covers the north of the country with Hercegovina stretching across the south

• Secondly, following the 1992-95 Bosnian War after the break up of Yugoslavia, the country is comprised of two entities: the Muslim and Croat Federation of Bosnia & Hercegovina, and the Serbian federation of Republika Srpska

 

bosnianote2Bosnian notes are printed with both Latin and Cyrillic script. Muslims and Croats use the Latin script whereas Serbs use Cyrillic

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnianote1Neutral figures are on the notes, with one version having the Latin script first (above right) and the other version Cyrillic (right)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia1The mountains of Bosnia appear shortly after crossing the border at Metkovic

 

bosnia5This colourful cat popped up in several places in Sarajevo - Sarajevo

 

bosnia6The first thing I did was take a half-day Sarajevo Siege Tour which covered the Bosnian War - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia8The siege tunnel provided Sarajevans with their only link to the outside world during the siege - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia11The 800m 'Tunnel of Hope' was built by hand over four months in 1993. It was constructed beneath the UN controlled airport and provided the city with weapons, food and other humanitarian supplies - Sarajevo

 

bosnia25Also at the Tunnel Museum are war pictures of the Holiday Inn (top left) and National Library (bottom right) - Sarajevo

 

bosnia26A more traditional way of life - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia37The tour took us to Trebevic mountain above Sarajevo to admire the views and provide the opportunity to check out Serbian positions during the war - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia30I think this was an Turkish fort and then a restaurant called Osmice. Please pass on any information you have! Sarajevo

 

 

bosnia40Dom Policije Vranjače (Police House) was a sniper position during the war, and possibly also used as a political prison depending on who you speak to - Sarajev

 

 

bosnia42The war ravaged police house - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia41The Serbian Cross is a national symbol of Serbia; the four Cyrillic Cs stand for Only Unity Saves the Serbs - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia45Trebevic and eastern Sarajevo are within Republika Srpska, the Serbian entity that makes up about 50% of Bosnia & Hercegovina - Sarajevo

 

 

bosnia47Pine trees and the snow capped mountains surrounding Sarajevo

 

yugoslavianote1An old banknote from Yugoslavian times
yugoslavianote2Writing is in both Latin and Cyrillic

 

bosnia32Sarajevo is squeezed into a valley and, as you'd expect for a city that hosted the Winter Olympics, has several ski resorts nearby

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia36The road in front of the bright yellow Holiday Inn was known as Sniper Alley during the war. Serb snipers picked off those daring to cross it - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia52The bobsleigh track was built for the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo

 

bosnia56It's now in ruins but it's interesting to walk a length of it; a different experience for sure! Sarajevo

 

 

bosnia59Bobsleigh graffiti - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia67The National Museum, History Museum and Holiday Inn form a triangle of sights near the train station - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia65Standing right on Sniper Alley the Holiday Inn became famous as the home of many journalists during the war - Sarajevo

 

bosnia71'Wake up Europe!' A poster at the National Museum - Sarajevo

 

 

bosnia73Tito Cafe is worth visiting for a beer after the museum, with its irreverent dedication to Yugoslav dictator Marshal Tito - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia79The National Library was reconstructed after being badly damaged during the war - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia82The Ottoman era Inat Kuca (right) overlooks over the Miljacka River - Sarajevo

 

 

bosnia85aBascarsija is the old Turkish quarter and centre of tourist activity in Sarajevo

 

 

bosnia90It's a lively and attractive area - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia87 The minaret of Bascarsija Mosque - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia89Evening shops and bazaars together with outdoor cafes and restaurants create a convivial atmosphere in Bascarsija - Sarajevo

 

bosnia95Gazi Husref Begov Vakuf is one of the most attractive courtyards in Bascarsija with a lively cafe that's very popular with locals - Sarajevo

 

bosnia96Coffee Bosnian style: A slice of lokum (Turkish Delight to you and me) accompanies a thick caffeine fix similar to Turkish coffee - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia102A pedestrian street in Bascarsija - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia104Buy hookah pipes, carpets, copper plates, slippers and pens made from bullets in Bascarsija - Sarajevo

 

 

bosnia105Wander the Bascarsija side-streets and see what takes your fancy - Sarajevo

 

bosnia114Next to the Latin Bridge is the 1878-1918 Museum where Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in 1914, sparking World War I - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia108A plaque marks the place where Gavrilo Princip assassinated Archduke Ferdinand - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia124Gazi-Husrevbey Mosque in Bascarsija - Sarajevo

 

bosnia119A few years ago many Sarajevo Roses (mortar scars filled with red paint) could be found in the city but most have now gone - Sarajevo

 

 

bosnia128The 16th century Alipasina Mosque - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia137An eternal flame commemorates WWII dead - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia120Markale market was the site of two of the largest massacres during the war, where 111 people died. The second massacre was the supposed reason behind the 1995 NATO airstrikes. The red plaque at the back is a memorial to those who died - Sarajevo

 

bosnia130Love padlocks on a bridge across the Miljacka River - Sarajevo

 

 

bosnia131 Miljacka River flows past the domed Academy of Fine Arts - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia134Miljacka River - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia141Multicultural Man stands in front of the 19th century Orthodox Cathedral in Liberation Square - Sarajevo

 

bosnia144Playing chess on a giant board in Liberation Square - Sarajevo

 

bosnia158 A little bit more of the Miljacka River - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia161The 18th century Svrzo House is an Ottoman townhouse - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia149 . bosnia150On the southern side of the Miljacka River is the Sarajevska brewery, keeping the city stocked with beer - Sarajevo

 

An unfiltered Sarajevska beer at the Pivnica HS beerhall, right next door to the brewery - Sarajevo

 

 

bosnia169You don't have to go to Trebevic for great views of the city. Walk up the steep roads to the Yellow Bastion north east of Bascarsija - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia171Follow the Miljacka River (bottom left) as it passes the National Library (centre right) - Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia174Below the Yellow Bastion is Kovaci martyrs' cemetery, a resting place for the war dead - Sarajevo

 

bosnia180The grave of Alija Izetbegovic, Bosnia's first president and their leader during the war - Sarajevo

 

bosnia187 The riverside town of Visoko is a 45-minute drive from Sarajevo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia189Myth or reality? Archaeologist Semir Osmanagic says Visocica Hill, pictured, is actually the world's largest pyramid - Visoko

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia193A sign for the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun which was supposedly constructed as long ago as 12,000 BC. Excavations are ongoing and have revealed a set of tunnels - Visoko

 

bosnia196It's a draining walk to the 'pyramid' summit; so I took a taxi instead - Visoko

 

 

bosnia197The final hike is on foot only - Visoko

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia200The ruins of Visoki Citadel lie at the summit of the hill (or pyramid?) - Visoko

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia212There's superb views from the top - Visoko

 

bosnia208Take in Visoko from the 250m high Visocica Hill/Pyramid of the Sun - Visoko

 

bosnia205Mountain scenery continues to the horizon - Visoko

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bosnia183'Istina za Vedrana' (Truth for Vedrana). Football fan Vedran Pulljic died prior to a Bosnian match but his death has never been investigated. His image also appears many times in Sarajevo - Visoko

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Website and content Copyright © 2008-2013 Mark Wilkinson. All rights reserved.

 

LINKS

www.bhtourism.ba - Bosnia tourist board

www.autobusni-kolodvor.com - Bosnian bus timetables

www.bosnianpyramid.com - Bosnian pyramid

www.zfbh.ba - train timetables

 

I am not responsible for the content of external websites.

 

 
 
 
   
 
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